Origin and types of bronze mirrors in East Asia

Origin and types of bronze mirrors in East Asia

A mirror is flat or curved surface usually produced of glass that has had a reflective coating applied to it. Mirrors are also used in technology and they are an important component in scientific instruments such as telescopes, industrial machinery, cameras and lasers. People probably first started to look at their reflections in pools of water, streams and rivers which were the first mirrors. The earliest man made mirrors were from polished stone and mirrors made form black volcanic glass obsidian. Some examples of this kind of mirrors have been found in Turkey dating back at least years. The Ancient Egyptians used polished copper to produce mirrors, and often the round face of the mirror would be embellished with ornamentation. The Ancient Mesopotamians also produced polished metal mirrors and mirrors made from polished stone were known in Central and South America from about BC. In China mirrors began to be made from metal alloys, a mixture of tin and copper called speculum metal that could be highly polished to made a reflective surface as well as mirrors made of polished bronze. Metal alloys or precious metals mirrors were very valuable items in ancient times only affordable to the very wealthy.

The art in creating mirrors in Venice: a century-old tradition

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This is an antique wall mirror. An english, victorian, pitch pine mirror dating to the late 19th century, circa Substantial bevelled frame and reassuringly.

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Antique Mirrors Around The House

A decorative and large scale French mirror with original grey painted finish. Featuring a decorative swag detail to the pediment with a central cameo portrait medallion to the centre. Original plate glass and dating to c. This is of adequate height to be free-standing and used as a dressing mirror in a bedroom or dressing room.

But of course, it would be truly spectacular mounted over a fireplace. To find out more information or to enquire about purchasing this item, please contact us.

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A mirror or reflector is an object such that each narrow beam of light that incides on its surface bounces is reflected in a single direction. This property, called specular reflection , distinguishes a mirror from objects that scatter light in many directions such as flat-white paint , let it pass through them such as a lens or prism , or absorb it.

Most mirrors behave as such only for certain ranges of wavelength, direction, and polarization of the incident light; most commonly for visible light , but also for other regions of the electromagnetic spectrum from X-rays to radio waves. A mirror will generally reflect only a fraction of the incident light; even the best mirrors may scatter, absorb, or transmit a small portion of it. If the mirror’s width is only a few times the wavelength of the light, a significant part of the light will also be diffracted instead.

An object that is a mirror when examined at a small scale like a bearing ball may seem to be scattering light when examined at a larger scale. When looking at a mirror, one will see a mirror image or reflected image of objects in the environment, formed by light emitted or scattered by them and reflected by the mirror towards one’s eyes.

This effect gives the illusion that those objects are behind the mirror, or sometimes in front of it. A plane mirror will yield a real-looking undistorted image, while a curved mirror may distort, magnify, or reduce the image in various ways. A mirror is commonly used for inspecting oneself, such as during personal grooming ; hence the old-fashioned name looking glass. Mirrors are also used to view other items that are not directly visible because of obstructions; examples include rear-view mirrors in vehicles, security mirrors in or around buildings, and dentist’s mirrors.

Mirrors are also used in optical and scientific apparatus such as telescopes , lasers , cameras , periscopes , and industrial machinery. The terms “mirror” and “reflector” can be used for devices that reflect other types of radiation according to the same laws. An acoustic mirror reflects sound waves, and may be used for applications such as directional microphones , atmospheric studies, sonar , and sea floor mapping.

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Dating back to the 1st century BC in Egypt the mirrors , thanks to their splendour and their shape, were considered a symbol of life and regeneration, so much to be a direct connection with the gods in particular with the solar god. Objects of great value and refinement, already in their phase of creation receive particular care, for example, their handles took forms of deities, papyrus plants or female figures. Arousing interest in many populations, there were different civilizations that tried to reproduce them, among them the Romans, the Germans and the inhabitants of Lorraine , however, only the latter in the 12th century developed a good handicraft mirror that saw the glass metallized with the lead and the tin.

The first attempts to produce a mirror in Venice date back to , a process that did not go well until , the year in which the first production was dated.

or T’ien ma, of old Chinese folklore,7 but by Sung times this creature had observed that the scholars of the next great dynasty dated these mirrors back to the.

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The History of Mirrors

Linda is a seasoned writer and home-decorating authority. She loves sharing design trends, decor ideas, and useful tips with her readers. The ornately carved mirror hangs above the fireplace, silently guarding its secrets. It is an exquisite addition to your sitting room and a conversation piece long admired by family and friends. The discovery process will require a bit of determination and detective work on your part.

This is an antique oval mirror. An English, gilt gesso and glass Adam style mirror, dating to the Victorian period, circa Resplendent in Adam Style revival.

Even I recognize that those big mirrors that used to take up the entire wall above the sink to be dated. Instead, today’s mirrors have become smaller, sometimes oval mirror just above the sink. But, why? You’d think the more mirrors, the better. I like big mirrors with unique attractive frames and plan to use them in my bathrooms. It is really a matter of personal taste. They are mirrors that I can take with me when we sell our house if the buyers don’t want them.

I saw big mirrors and smaller ones in the parade of homes last year and the same in newer model homes. Big mirrors are traditional and will always have a place in bath design. Was there something wrong with them?

Antique Mirrors

Centuries ago, the Romans and Greeks used polished metal disks to see their reflection. By the s, mirrors were made by coating a piece of glass with metallic silver and were considered important decorative pieces. Frames could be ornately carved in wood or made of ivory, silver, or tortoiseshell.

During the latter half of the 18th and 19th century framing styles changed dramatically from elegantly carved gilt wood mirrors of the Chippendale.

The prototype for bronze mirrors was thought to have been the bronze clothes buttons of Karasuk cultural nomads c. Cemeteries of single graves covering the dead in extended position in stone cists, equipped with round-bottomed pots, appeared. New people mixed with the local Andronovo population. Trade relations extended to central Russia. Exchange with the centres of the Far Eastern metallurgy introduced a new character of material culture daggers and knives terminating in animal sculptures, series of ornaments and stimulated the flourishing of metal industry in a wide area.

The regions west of Minusinsk—Altai, Kazakhstan, and Kirghizia—show variations of Karasuk culture with strong local elements with which the persistence of the ancient racial type corresponds. Chronology of this period is based on comparisons with northern Chinese bronzes. Arzhan 2 kurgan barrows had two finds of bronze mirrors dated to late 7th century B.

The Pazyryk rattle-mirrors and those found in the Altai region are thought by some scholars to have originated in India because of the elephant motif although no early mirrors have yet been found in India or Pakistan. Early dates come from the mirrors carried by priestesses in Egypt and Crete silver and bronze, and copper mirrors dated to and BC. During the Shang and Zhou Dynasty periods, the reflective mirror held great significance as oracle ritual items for the ruler.

In the Yin period, the button backs cast with incised decorative designs became valuable products used as mirrors for daily use and for dressing in ancient times. In b.

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